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8 интересных фактов о Пасхе

Культура

8 интересных фактов о Пасхе

Автор: Евгений Колыско

Сегодня в Беларуси празднуется один из главнейших христианских праздников – Пасха. В этот день принято приветствовать друг друга словами: «Христос воскресе!» и отвечать: «Воистину воскресе!». Это один из самых радостных праздников еще и потому, что кончается 40-дневный пост у православных и можно наконец-то побаловать себя вкусной едой: в первую очередь куличом и крашеными яйцами, но так же и скоромными блюдами – так в православии называется пища, приготовленная из мяса. Проведем небольшое культурно-историческое исследование, рассмотрев самые интересные факты о Пасхе.

1. Окрас яицСейчас люди все чаше стали украшать яйца пестрыми наклейками, но издревле яйца красили в красный цвет.В Библии сказано, что на Пасху Святая Мария Магдалина приехала в Рим на Евангельскую проповедь. Решив посетить императора Тиберия, она выбрала в качестве подарка для него куриное яйцо. При встрече она воскликнула «Христос Воскресе!». Император удивился, и сказал, что никто не может воскреснуть. После этих слов яйцо, которое Мария держала в руках, стало красного цвета, в доказательство императору, что чудеса бывают. Такое предание помогало прижиться обычаю красить яйца в красный цвет. Красный цвет символизирует кровь Христа и его любовь к нам, а само яйцо – возрождение.

2. Яйца Фаберже

Самыми известными и дорогими предметами искусства, посвященными Пасхе, являются знаменитые яйца Фаберже. Известный ювелир каждый год изготавливал по одному яйцу, украшенному бриллиантами и драгоценными камнями, по заказу российского императора Александра III. Необычайно красивые произведения искусства обязательно должны были иметь небольшой сюрприз внутри. Таким образом, император оказывал расположение своей супруге Марии.

3. Куклы-обереги

Пасхальные куклы обереги – еще один символ Великого Праздника. За неделю перед Пасхой, к Вербному Воскресенью, делают куклу Вербницу. Изготовление такой куклы приравнивается к ритуалу росписи пасхальных яиц. Вербницу, по традиции, дарят родственникам в Светлое Христово Воскресенье.

Оберег представляет собой женскую фигурку с веточками вербы в руках. Для изготовления мотанки выбирали красочные, «весенние» кусочки ткани, а на ее лице вышивали крестик. Верба для наших предков являлась символом жизненной силы, поскольку распускалась рано по весне и вбирала в себя энергию первого солнца.

4. Музей яйца в Беларуси

Первый музей яйца в Вилейском доме ремесел появился в 2006 году, и постепенно коллекция росла. Над ее пополнением работают мастера Дома ремесел, и каждый в него вкладывает частицу своей души. Сегодня на яйцах, а их в коллекции около 300, можно увидеть различные образы, портреты, пейзажи, орнаменты.

5. Кулич

Кулич – хлебный символ Пасхи, незаменимый атрибут праздника на самом деле появился гораздо раньше появления самого христианства. В Ветхом Завете нет упоминаний ни о куличе, ни об обрядах, с ним связанных. Все это потому, что история кулича берет свое начало с языческих времен. У многих народов существовал обычай – печь весной хлеб, и приносить его в жертву земле. Ритуал был посвящен богам плодородия.

6. Пасхальная ярмарка

Задолго перед Пасхой на главных площадях городов открываются Пасхальные ярмарки, где можно купить вещи, сделанные своими руками.

7. Из бывших стран СССР только в Беларуси и католическая, и православная Пасха считаются государственными праздничными днями.

8. «Мастер и Маргарита» и Пасха

Мало кто обращал внимание на тот факт, что действие знаменитого произведения Булгакова «Мастер и Маргарита» имеет место во время Страстной недели. А развязка истории происходит в канун самой Пасхи.

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